Forbidden City is the city within a city at the Center of Beijing. It was the home of Chinese Emperors from Yuan Dynasty (1271 - 1368 AD) to Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911 AD) or it was also called Emperoral Palace. So it was forbidden for ordinary people to go in. Now it is a musuem open to everyone who pays 60 yuans (or 20 yuans if you are a student).
One of the gates leading to the Forbidden City is Tian An Men. Tian An Men means the Gate to Heavenly Peace in Chinese. The Forbidden City used to be for Emperors only and no one else could go in. In the Forbidden City there are lots of courtyards. Now there are two roads going through the Forbidden City. The leader of China lives on an island near the Forbidden City, called Zhong Nan Hai – Middle South Sea.
To the east of the Forbidden City there is a place called Ri Tan – Temple of the Sun. To the west of the Forbidden City there is a place called Yue Tan – Temple of the Moon. To the north of the Forbidden City there is a place called De Tan - Temple of the Earth. To the south of the Forbidden City there is a place called Tian Tan - Temple of the Heaven. There is also a mountain to the north of the Forbidden City called Jin Shan – The Scenery Mountain.
Through the Tian An Men, you could see another bigger gate called "Wu Men" with bigger walls on two sides like a giant arms. On top of the gate, the archery men could shot anyone in the square below. There is a river or moat surround the wall outside of the Forbidden City. After the Wu Men, we started to see some golden colored temple-like buildings, all located in a straight line from south to north like the two gates I mentioned before. Surrounding the big hall buildings there are court yards and rivers and bridges alike. All big temples are built in wood painted colorful mainly in red and green, glited with gold and copper. They are situated on top of stone platforms, lead by big stairs and ramps. The ramp is in the middle leading to the building entrance; only emperiors and emperiresses can be carried over the middle ramp. The buildings are tall and giant in the front courtyard - they are emperior's office or meeting hall. Then at the backyards, the courtyards are getting smaller - they are living quarters. There are royal gardens at the north end of Emperioral Palace, After coming out of Forbidden City from the Shen-Wu-Men, we saw a big moutain named Jinshang - it's big hill building Qing Dynasty's people. From the hill, you can see all the city around the Forbidden City.
There is a moat surrounding the Forbidden City on four of its sides. There is a garden in the Forbidden City with lots of weird-looking trees. There is also a place called Hall of Clocks and the way all the clocks were made are very interesting. Before you get in the Forbidden City you have to go through 3 walls. In the Forbidden City there is a diplomacy room, emperor’s resting room, and emperor’s main room. The queen has a courtyard to sit and rest in. In the old times the emperor had to pass the crown to his son or else the dynasty will be over. The walls of the Forbidden City are colorful with real gold on the walls, there is also green, blue, red, yellow, and orange. It is the most colorful thing in Beijing.